The Reggio Emilia Approach
In this CPD practitioners will gain a deep understanding of the Reggio Emilia approach and hopefully be inspired by many of their practices. We will look at the history of Reggio school system and gain an overview of the philosophy.
We will look at detail at the main aspects:
100 Languages – endless opportunities to express creatively
Teaches as co-learners – emergent curriculum – children some direction over their learning
Long term projects
Documentation – communication
Collaboration, discussion, developing the group
Environment – physical space –the third teacher
Atelieristas – Artists in residence/ Art studios
Parental involvement – parents as partners
The Reggio Emilia Approach is an educational philosophy focused on early years education. It was started by Loris Malaguzzi and the parents of the villages around Reggio Emilia in Italy after the Second World War. The destruction from the war, parents believed, necessitated a new innovative approach to teaching their children. They felt that it is in the early years of development that children are forming who they are as an individual. This led to creation of a program based on the principles of respect, responsibility, and community through exploration and discovery in a supportive and enriching environment based on the interests of the children through a self-guided curriculum.
The city of Reggio Emilia in Italy is recognized worldwide for its innovative approach to education. Its signature educational philosophy has become known as the Reggio Emilia Approach which many preschool programs around the world have adopted. The Reggio Emilia philosophy is based upon the following set of principles:
- Children must have some control over the direction of their learning;
- Children must be able to learn through experiences of touching, moving, listening, seeing, and hearing;
- Children have a relationship with other children and with material items in the world that children must be allowed to explore and
Children must have endless ways and opportunities to express themselves.
The Reggio Emilia approach to teaching young children puts the natural development of children as well as the close relationships that they share with their environment at the center of its philosophy. Early years programs that have successfully adapted to this philosophy share that they are attracted to Reggio because of the way it views and respects the child.
Parents are a vital component to the Reggio Emilia philosophy. Parents are viewed as partners, collaborators and advocates for their children. Teachers respect parents as each child’s first teacher and involve parents in every aspect of the curriculum. It is not uncommon to see parents volunteering within Reggio Emilia classrooms throughout the school.